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Master List of Citations and Resources

Updated: Jan 18

The following is our list of our citations and resources, divided by topic. We do our best to provide access to these texts as allowed.


Brendan the Navigator

  • Anderson, John D. “The Navigatio Brendani: A Medieval Best Seller.” The Classical Journal, vol. 83, no. 4, The Classical Association of the Middle West and South, 1988, pp. 315–22. Link.

  • Deetjen, Christian. “Witchcraft and Medicine.” Bulletin of the Institute of the History of Medicine, vol. 2, no. 3, The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1934, pp. 164–75. Link.

  • Dunn, Joseph. “The Brendan Problem.” The Catholic Historical Review, vol. 6, no. 4, Catholic University of America Press, 1921, pp. 395–477. Link.

  • Hillers, Barbara. “Voyages between Heaven and Hell: Navigating the Early Irish Immram Tales.” Proceedings of the Harvard Celtic Colloquium, vol. 13, Department of Celtic Languages & Literatures, Harvard University, 1993, pp. 66–81. Link.

  • Swank, Kris. “The Child’s Voyage and the <em>Immram</Em> Tradition in Lewis, Tolkien, and Pullman.” Mythlore, vol. 38, no. 1 (135), Mythopoeic Society, 2019, pp. 73–96. Link.

  • Roche, Norma. “Sailing West: Tolkien, the Saint Brendan Story, and the Idea of Paradise in the West.” Mythlore, vol. 17, no. 4 (66), Mythopoeic Society, 1991, pp. 16–62. Link.

  • Waters, E. G. R. “Rare or Unexplained Words in the Anglo-Norman ‘Voyage of St Brendan.’ A Contribution to French Lexicography.” The Modern Language Review, vol. 21, no. 4, Modern Humanities Research Association, 1926, pp. 390–403. Link.

Cannabis Resources

  • Bonini, Sara Anna, et al. “Cannabis Sativa: A Comprehensive Ethnopharmacological Review of a Medicinal Plant with a Long History.” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 227, 2018, pp. 300–15.

  • Booth, Martin. Cannabis: A History. Doubleday, 2003.

  • Burge, Katrina. “Queen(s) of the Viking Age." Agora, vol. 56, no. 1, 2021, pp. 27-32.

  • Edwards, Kevin J., and Graeme Whittington. “Palynological Evidence for the Growing of Cannabis Sativa L. (Hemp) in Medieval and Historical Scotland.” Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, vol. 15, no. 1, 1990, pp. 60–69.

  • Emboden, William A. Bizarre Plants: Magical, Monstrous, Mythical. Macmillan, 1974.

  • Goodman, Jordan, Paul E. Lovejoy, and Andrew Sherratt. Consuming Habits: Drugs in History and Anthropology. Routledge, 1995.

  • Kazemi, Ranin. “Doctoring the Body and Exciting the Soul: Drugs and Consumer Culture in Medieval and Early Modern Iran.” Modern Asian Studies, vol. 54, no. 2, 2020, pp. 554–617.

  • Mercuri, Anna Maria, et al. “The Long History of Cannabis and Its Cultivation by the Romans in Central Italy, Shown by Pollen Records from Lago Albano and Lago Di Nemi.” Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, vol. 11, no. 4, 2002, pp. 263–76.

  • Rätsch, Christian. The Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Plants: Ethnopharmacology and its Applications. Park Street Press, 2005.

  • Riddle, John M. “Folk Tradition and Folk Medicine: Recognition of Drugs in Classical Antiquity.” Pharmacy in History, vol. 55, no. 2/3, 2013, pp. 64–87.

  • Rosenthal, Franz, and Dimitri Gutas. Man Versus Society in Medieval Islam. Brill, 2015.

  • Rudgley, Richard. Essential Substances: A Cultural History of Intoxicants in Society. Kodansha International, 1993.

  • Russo E. B. “History of Cannabis and its Preparations in Saga, Science, and Sobriquet.” Chem Biodivers. National Library of Medicine. 2007 Aug;4(8):1614-48.

  • Touw, Mia. “The Religious and Medicinal Uses of Cannabis in China, India and Tibet.” Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, vol. 13, no. 1, 1981, pp. 23–34.

  • Van Arsdall, Anne. Medieval Herbal Remedies: The Old English Herbarium and Anglo-Saxon Medicine. Routledge, 2002.

  • Warf, Barney. “High Points: A Historical Geography of Cannabis..” Geographical Review, vol. 104, no. 4, 2014, pp. 414–38.

Gawain and the Green Knight

  • Ashton, Gail. "The Perverse Dynamics of 'Sir Gawain and the Green Knight'." Arthuriana, Vol. 15, No. 3 (FALL 2005), pp. 51-74.

  • Boyd, David L. “Sodomy, Misogyny, and Displacement: Occluding Queer Desire in ‘Sir Gawain and the Green Knight.’” Arthuriana, vol. 8, no. 2, 1998, pp. 77–113. Link.

  • Hamilton, George L. “‘Capados," and the Date of ‘Sir Gawayne and the Green Knight.’” Modern Philology, vol. 5, no. 3, 1908, pp. 365–376. Link.

  • Kamps, Ivo. "Magic, Women, and Incest: The Real Challenges in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight." Exemplaria, vol 1, no. 2. pp 313-336.

  • Martin, Carl Grey. “The Cipher of Chivalry: Violence as a Courtly Play in the World of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight." The Chaucer Review, vol. 43, no. 3, 2009, pp. 311–329. Link.


Gesta Romanorum

  • Brennessel, Barbara, et al. “A Reassessment of the Efficacy of Anglo-Saxon Medicine.” Anglo-Saxon England, vol. 34, 2005. pp. 183–195. Link.

  • Cameron, M. L. "Anglo-Saxon Medicine and Magic." Anglo Saxon England, vol. 17, 1988. pp. 191-215. Link.

  • Green, Richard Firth. Elf Queens and Holy Friars: Fairy Beliefs and the Medieval Church

  • Kahrl, Stanley J. “Allegory in Practice: A Study of Narrative Styles in Medieval Exempla.” Modern Philology, vol. 63, no. 2, 1965, pp. 105–110. Link.

  • Stechow, Wolfgang. “‘Shooting at Father's Corpse.’” The Art Bulletin, vol. 24, no. 3, 1942, pp. 213–225.

  • Spargo, John Webster. Virgil the Necromancer: Studies in Virgilian Legends. Kissinger, 2004. Link

  • Lang, Andrew. "Virgilius the Sorcerer." The Violet Fairy Book. 1901. Link.

  • Marchalonis, Shirley. “Medieval Symbols and the ‘Gesta Romanorum.’” The Chaucer Review, vol. 8, no. 4, 1974, pp. 311–319. Link.

  • The Golden Legend: Readings on the Saints. Trans. William Granger Ryan. Princeton University Press, 2012. Link. (Alternative edition translated by William Caxton here.

Icelandic Sagas

  • Breeze, Andrew. "An Irish Etymology for kjafal 'hooded cloak' in Thorfinn's Saga." Arkiv för Nordisk Filologi, 1998. Link.

  • Byock, Jesse L. “Egil’s Bones.” Scientific American, vol. 272, no. 1, 1995, pp. 82–87. Link.

  • Grove, Jonathan. "The Place of Greenland in Medieval Icelandic Saga Narrative." Journal of the North Atlantic. Eagle Hill Institute, 2009. pp. 30-51. Link.

  • Hoidal, Oddvar K. “Norsemen and the North American Forests.” Journal of Forest History, vol. 24, no. 4, 1980, pp. 200–03. Link.

  • Hollister, C. Warren. Anglo-Saxon Military Institutions on the Eve of the Norman Conquest. Clarendon Press, 1962.

  • Koszowski, Maciej. "Medieval Iceland: The Influence of Culture and Tradition on Law." Scandinavian Studies, vol. 86, no. 3. University of Illinois Press, 2014. pp. 333-351. Link.

  • Leonard, Stephen Pax. "Social Structures and Identity in Early Iceland." Viking and Medieval Scandinavia, vol. 6. Brepolis, 2010. pp. 147-159. Link.

  • McGhee, Robert. “Contact between Native North Americans and the Medieval Norse: A Review of the Evidence.” American Antiquity, vol. 49, no. 1, 1984, pp. 4–26. Link.

  • Reeves, Arthur Middleton, and William Dudley Foulke. The Finding of Wineland the Good: the History of the Icelandic Discovery of America. London: H. Frowde, 1895. Link.

  • Rodriguez, Jesus Fernando Guerrero. Old Norse Drinking Culture. 2007. University of York, PhD Dissertation. Link.

  • Storm, Gustav. Eiríks saga Rauða og Flatøbogens Grænlendingaþáttr samt uddrag fra Ólafssaga Tryggvasonar. Købenjavn: S. L. Møllers bogtrykkeri, 1891. Link.

  • Salonen, Jukka. "Law and Honor: Reputation in medieval Scandinavia." Medieval Warfare, vol. 5, no. 6, Feb 2016. pp. 42-44. Link.


Old English Texts

  • Baker, Peter S. Old English Aerobics. Link

  • Bitterli, Dieter, Say What I Am Called: The Old English Riddles of the Exeter Book and the Anglo-Latin Riddle Tradition (Toronto: Toronto University Press, 2009)

  • Goldsmith, Margaret E. “The Seafarer and the Birds.” The Review of English Studies, vol. 5, no. 19, 1954, pp. 225–35. Link.

  • Gordon, I. L. “Traditional Themes in The Wanderer and The Seafarer.” The Review of English Studies, vol. 5, no. 17, 1954, pp. 1–13. Link.

  • Green, Martin. “Man, Time, and Apocalypse in ‘The Wanderer’, ‘The Seafarer’, and ‘Beowulf.’” The Journal of English and Germanic Philology, vol. 74, no. 4, 1975, pp. 502–18. Link.

  • The Riddle Ages: Early Medieval Riddles, Translations and Commentaries, ed. by Megan Cavell, with Matthias Ammon, Neville Mogford and Victoria Symons (2013; redeveloped 2020). Link

  • The Old English Riddles of the Exeter Book, ed. Craig Williamson (Chapel Hill, 1977)

  • Miller, Nina Rulon, ‘Sexual Humor and Fettered Desire in Exeter Book Riddle 12’, in Humour in Anglo-Saxon Literature, ed. Jonathan Wilcox (Cambridge: D. S .Brewer, 2000), pp. 99-126.

  • Orchard, Andy, ‘Enigma Variations: The Anglo-Saxon Riddle-Tradition’, in Latin Learning and English Lore: Studies in Anglo-Saxon Literature for Michael Lapidge, ed. Katherine O’Brien O’Keeffe and Andy Orchard, 2 vols (Toronto: Toronto U.P., 2005), I, 284-304.

Perlesvaus

  • Burger, Glenn, and Steven F. Kruger, editors. Queering the Middle Ages. NED-New edition, vol. 27, University of Minnesota Press, 2001. Link.

  • Castration and Culture in the Middle Ages. Ed. Larissa Tracey. Brewer, D.S, Cambridge, 2013. Link.

  • Geary, Patrick. "Humiliation of Saints," Saints and Their Cults, Cambridge University Press. Link.

  • Harward, Vernon J. The Dwarfs of Arthurian Romance and Celtic Tradition. E.J. Brill, 1958.

  • Nitze, William Albert. The Old French Grail Romance Perlesvaus: a Study of Its Principal Sources. Baltimore, John Murphy company, 1902.

  • Loomis, Roger Sherman. The Grail: From Celtic Myth to Christian Symbol. Princeton University Press, 1991.

  • Williams, Mary. “Notes on Perlesvaus.” Speculum, vol. 14, no. 2, [Medieval Academy of America, Cambridge University Press, University of Chicago Press], 1939, pp. 199–208. Link.

  • Williamson, Marjorie. “The Dream of Cahus in ‘Perlesvaus.’” Modern Philology, vol. 30, no. 1, University of Chicago Press, 1932, pp. 5–11. Link.

Tain Bo Cualinge

  • Bailey, Michael D. ‘The Meanings of Magic.’ Magic, Ritual, and Witchcraft, 1, no. 1, 2006. pp 1-23. Link.

  • Blank, Deanie Rowan. “Cuchulain and the Tain Bo Cuailnge: A Celtic Iliad.” Prairie Schooner, vol. 86, no. 1, 2012, pp. 150–160. Link.

  • Bitterli, Dieter. "Beasts of Battle." Say What I Am Called: The Old English Riddles of the Exeter Book & the Anglo-Latin Riddle Tradition. University of Toronto Press, 2009. pp.151-169. Link.

  • Clark, Rosalind. “Aspects of the Morrígan in Early Irish Literature.” Irish University Review, vol. 17, no. 2, 1987, pp. 223–236. Link.

  • Duggan, Kenneth F. “The Hue and Cry in Thirteenth-Century England.” Thirteenth Century England XVI: Proceedings of the Cambridge Conference, 2015, edited by Andrew M. Spencer and Carl Watkins, NED - New edition ed., Boydell & Brewer, Woodbridge, Suffolk; Rochester, NY, 2017, pp. 153–172. Link.

  • Green, Richard Firth. Elf Queens and Holy Friars: Fairy Beliefs and the Medieval Church. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2016. Link.

  • Gribben, Arthur. “Táin Bó Cuailnge: A Place on the Map, A Place in the Mind.” Western Folklore, vol. 49, no. 3, 1990, pp. 277–291. Link.

  • Griffiths, Bill. Aspects of Anglo-Saxon Magic. Cambridgeshire: Anglo-Saxon Books, 1996.

  • Gygax, Gary, and Malcolm Bowers. Gary Gygax's Extraordinary Book of Names. Troll Lord Games, 2004.

  • Magoun, Francis P. “The Theme of the Beasts of Battle in Anglo-Saxon Poetry.” Neuphilologische Mitteilungen, vol. 56, no. 2, 1955, pp. 81–90. Link.

  • Ross, Anne. The Pagan Celts. Barnes & Noble Books, 1986.

  • O'Brien, Bruce R. “From Morðor to Murdrum: The Preconquest Origin and Norman Revival of the Murder Fine.” Speculum, vol. 71, no. 2, 1996, pp. 321–357. Link.

  • Parkes, Peter. “Fosterage, Kinship, and Legend: When Milk Was Thicker than Blood?” Comparative Studies in Society and History, vol. 46, no. 3, 2004, pp. 587–615. Link.

  • Pettit, Edward. “Cú Chulainn's ‘Gae Bolga’—from Harpoon to Stingray-Spear?” Studia Hibernica, no. 41, 2015, pp. 9–48. Link.

  • Siculus, Diodorus. Library of History. Loeb Classical Library, 12 volumes, Greek texts and facing English translation: Harvard University Press, 1933 thru 1967. Translation by C. H. Oldfather thru Volume 6; Vol. 7 by C. L. Sherman, Vol. 8 by C. Bradford Welles, Vols. 9 and 10 by Russel M. Geer, Vol. 11 by F. R. Walton. Link.

  • Lonigan, Paul R. “Shamanism in the Old Irish Tradition”. Éire-Ireland; a journal of Irish Studies, Vol. 20, Iss. 3 (1985): 109-129.

  • Stewart, George R. Names on the Land: a Historical Account of Place-Naming in the United States. Random House, 1945.

  • Morris, Henry. “Some Place-Names in the Tain.” Journal of the County Louth Archaeological Society, vol. 1, no. 3, 1906, pp. 88–90. Link.

  • Toner, Gregory. “Wise Women and Wanton Warriors in Early Irish Literature.” Proceedings of the Harvard Celtic Colloquium, vol. 30, 2010, pp. 259–272. Link.

  • Wong, Donna. “Combat between Fosterbrothers in ‘Táin Bó Cúailnge.’” Proceedings of the Harvard Celtic Colloquium, vol. 13, 1993, pp. 119–144. Link.


Wonders of the East

  • Drieshen, Clarck. "The Trees of the Sun and the Moon." Medieval Manuscripts Blog. British Library, 31 January 2020. Link.

  • Frembgen, Jurgen W. "The Magicality of the Hyena: Beliefs and Practices in West and South Asia". Asian Folklore Studies, 57, 1998, 331–44. Link.

  • Friedman, John Block. The Monstrous Races in Medieval Art and Thought. Harvard University Press, 1981. Link.

  • Herodotus. "Book 3." The History of Herodotus. Trans. George Rawlinson. 1910. Wikisource. Link.

  • McCloud, Scott. Understanding Comics: the Invisible Art. Tundra, 1993. Link.

  • Mittman, Asa S., and Susan M. Kim. Inconceivable Beasts: the Wonders of the East in the Beowulf Manuscript. Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2013.

  • Mittman, Asa S., and Marcus Hensel. Demonstrare Vol 1: Classic Readings on Monster Theory. Arc Humanities Press, 2018. Link.

  • Mittman, Asa S., and Marcus Hensel. Demonstrare Vol 2: Primary Sources on Monsters. Arc Humanities Press, 2018.

  • Mittman, Asa Simon. Maps and Monsters in Medieval England. Routledge, 2006. Link.

  • Orchard, Andy. Pride and Prodigies: Studies in the Monsters of the Beowulf Manuscript. University of Toronto Press, 2003. Link

  • Pliny the Elder. Natural History. Trans. John Bostock. Project Gutenberg. Link.

  • Peissel, Michel. "The Ants' Gold: The Discovery of the Greek El Dorado in the Himalayas". Collins, 1984. Link.

  • Simmons, Marlise. "Himalayas Offer Clue to Legend of Gold-Digging 'Ants.'" New York Times. November 25, 1996. Link.

  • Tolkien, J. R. R. “Sigelwara Land.” Medium Ævum, vol. 1, no. 3, 1932, pp. 183–196. Link.

  • Tolkien, J. R. R. “Sigelwara Land. (Continued).” Medium Ævum, vol. 3, no. 2, 1934, pp. 95–111. Link.

  • Thomson, Simon. "The two Artists of the Nowell Codex 'Wonders of the East'." SELIM: Journal of the Spanish Society for Medieval English Language and Literature. 21, 2016, 105-54.

MISCELLANEOUS

  • Acker, Paul. “Death by Dragons.” Viking and Medieval Scandinavia, vol. 8, 2012, pp. 1–21. Link. -

  • Attenborough, F. L. "Giving a loaf for the soul of a slain person." The Laws of the Earliest English Kings. New York, Russell & Russell, 1963.

  • Akbari, Suzanne Conklin and Jill Ross. The Ends of the Body: Identity and Community in Medieval Culture. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2013. Link.

  • Alighieri, Dante. The Divine Comedy. Trans. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow. Project Gutenburg, 1997. Link..

  • Aubrey, John. "A 17th-century account of the Sin Eater." Remaines of Gentilisme and Judaisme, 1686-1687. Ed. James Britten. London, W. Satchell, Peyton, & Co., 1881. Publications of the Folk-lore Society 4.

  • Audelay, John. Poems and Carols (Oxford, Bodleian Library MS Douce 302), edited by Susanna Greer Fein. TEAMS Middle English Texts, Medieval Institute Publications, 2009.

  • Barreiro, Santiago, and Luciana Cordo Russo, editors. Shapeshifters in Medieval North Atlantic Literature. Amsterdam University Press, 2019. Link.

  • Breatnach, Caoimhín. 'The Early Modern Version of "Scéla Mucce Meic Da Thó: Tempus, Locus, Persona et Causa Scribendi."' Ériu, Vol. 41 (1990), pp. 37-60. Link.

  • Bernhardt-House, Philip A. "Queer Conceptions and Calculations: Niall Frossach and the Easter Controversy." The Canadian Journal of Irish Studies, Vol. 39, No. 1, 2015, pp. 186-205.

  • Bethurum, Dorothy. “The Form of Ælfric's ‘Lives of Saints.’” Studies in Philology, vol. 29, no. 4, 1932, pp. 515–533. Link.

  • Bieiris de Romans, Among the Trobairitz. Trans. Samantha Pious. Lunch Ticket. Link

  • Bernhardt-House, Philip A. "Queer Conceptions and Calculations: Niall Frossach and the Easter Controversy." The Canadian Journal of Irish Studies, Vol. 39, No. 1, 2015, pp. 186-205.

  • Bisagni, Jacopo, and Immo Warntjes. “Latin and Old Irish in the Munich Computus: A Reassessment and Further Evidence.” Ériu, vol. 57, 2007, pp. 1–33. Link.

  • Bonser, W. “The Seven Sleepers of Ephesus in Anglo-Saxon and Later Recipes.” Folklore, vol. 56, no. 2, 1945, pp. 254–256. Link.

  • Boyd, David Lorenzo, and Karras, Ruth Mazo. “The Interrogation of a Male Transvestite Prostitute in Fourteenth-Century London.” GLQ, vol. 1, no. 4, 1995, pp. 459–465.

  • Brown, Judith C. "Lesbian Sexuality in Medieval and Early Modern Europe." Hidden from History: Reclaiming the Gay and Lesbian Past. New American Library, 1989. pp. 67-75.

  • Caesarius of Heisterbach. The Dialogue On Miracles. Translated by H. von E. Scott and C. C. Swinton Bland, vol. 2. Harcourt, Brace & Co., 1929.

  • The Chronicle of Lanercost. Translated by Herbert Maxwell. James MacLehose and Sons, 1913.

  • Constas, Nicholas, translator. "Life of St. Mary/Marinos." Holy Women of Byzantium: Ten Saints' Lives in English Translation, edited by Alice-Mary Talbot, Dumbarton Oaks, 1996, pp.1-12.

  • Cooke, William G. “The Tournament of Tottenham: an Alliterative Poem and an Exeter Performance.” Records of Early English Drama, vol. 11, no. 2, 1986, pp. 1–3.

  • Cooke, William G. “The Tournament of Tottenham: Provenance, Text, and Lexicography.” English Studies, vol. 69, no. 1, 1988, p. 113-6.

  • Crossen, Craig, and Stephan Procházka. “The Seven Sleepers and Ancient Constellation Traditions — a Crossover of Arabic Dialectology with the History of Astronomy.” Wiener Zeitschrift Für Die Kunde Des Morgenlandes, vol. 97, 2007, pp. 79–105. Link.

  • Corona, Gabriella. “Ælfric's (Un)Changing Style: Continuity of Patterns from the Catholic Homilies to the Lives of Saints.” The Journal of English and Germanic Philology, vol. 107, no. 2, 2008, pp. 169–189. Link.

  • Cubitt, Catherine. “'As the Lawbook Teaches': Reeves, Lawbooks and Urban Life in the Anonymous Old English Legend of the Seven Sleepers.” The English Historical Review, vol. 124, no. 510, 2009, pp. 1021–1049. Link.

  • Darling, Gregory J. “Cross Legends and Crossings: Links Among Anglo-Saxon, Medieval Irish, and Late Classical Texts.” Eolas: The Journal of the American Society of Irish Medieval Studies, vol. 4, 2010, pp. 98–111. Link.

  • Ditchfield, P. H. "Soul cakes and the Sin Eater." Old English Customs Extant at the Present Time: An Account of Local Observances, Festival Customs, and Ancient Ceremonies yet Surviving in Great Britain. London, George Redway, 1896.

  • Edson, Evelyn. “World Maps and Easter Tables: Medieval Maps in Context.” Imago Mundi, vol. 48, 1996, pp. 25–42. Link.

  • Feinstein, Sandy. 'Shrews and Sheep in "The Second Shepherds' Play."' Pacific Coast Philology, Vol. 36. Penn State University Press, 2001. pp. 64-80. Link.

  • Fein, Susanna Greer. The Middle English Alliterative Tradition of the Allegorical “Chanson D’aventure”: A Critical Edition of “De Tribus Regibus Mortuis,” “Somer Soneday,” “The Foure Leues of the Trewlufe,” and “Death and Liffe”. 1985. Harvard University, PhD Dissertation.

  • French, Walter Hoyt, and Charles Brockway Hale. Middle English Metrical Romances. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1930.

  • Gardener, John. 'Structure and Tone in the Second Shepherds' Play.' Educational Theatre Journal, Vol. 19, No. 1. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1967. pp. 1-8. Link.

  • Grant, A. J. “Twelve Medieval Ghost Stories.” The Yorkshire Archaeological Journal, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 363-79.

  • Goodrich, Michael "Sodomy in Medieval Secular Law." Journal of Homosexuality,1:3, 1976. pp. 295-302. Link.

  • Homer. The Odyssey. Trans. Emily Wilton. Norton, 2018. Link.

  • Herrin, Judith. Byzantium: The Surprising Life of a Medieval Empire. Princeton University Press, 2007. Link

  • Hollywood, Amy. “The Normal, the Queer, and the Middle Ages.” Journal of the History of Sexuality, vol. 10, no. 2, 2001, pp. 173–179. Link.

  • Hume, Kathryn. “From Saga to Romance: The Use of Monsters in Old Norse Literature.” Studies in Philology, vol. 77, no. 1, 1980, pp. 1–25. Link.

  • Jennings, Margaret. “Tutivillus: The Literary Career of the Recording Demon.” Studies in Philology, vol. 74, no. 5, 1977, pp. 1–95.

  • Jöchle, W. “Mensus-inducing drugs: their role in antique, medieval and renaissance gynecology and birth control.” Contraception. Vol. 10,4 (1974): 425-39. Link.

  • Karunanithy, David. 'War Dogs Among the Early Irish.' History Ireland Vol. 17, No. 5 (September/October 2009), pp. 16-19. Link.

  • Kooper, Erik. Sentimental and Humorous Romances: Floris and Blancheflour, Sir Degrevant, the Squire of Low Degree, the Tournament of Tottenham, and the Feast of Tottenham. Kalamazoo, Mich: Medieval Institute Publications, 2006.

  • Map, Walter. De Nugis Curialium (Courtiers’ Trifles). Translated by Frederick Tupper and Marbury Bladen Ogle. Macmillan, 1924.

  • Matlock, Wendy A. Reworking the Household in The Debate of the Carpenter's Tools. English Studies,95:2,109-130. Link.

  • McIntosh, Angus. “Some Notes on the Text of the Middle English Poem ‘De Tribus Regibus Mortuis.’” The Review of English Studies, vol. 28, no. 112, 1977, pp. 385–92. DOI: 10.1093/res/XXVIII.112.385.

  • Menache, Sophia, and Jeannine Horowitz. “Rhetoric and Its Practice in Medieval Sermons.” Historical Reflections / Réflexions Historiques, vol. 22, no. 2, Berghahn Books, 1996, pp. 321–50. Link.

  • Nokes, Richard Scott. “The Several Compilers of Bald's ‘Leechbook.’” Anglo-Saxon England, vol. 33, 2004, pp. 51–76. Link.

  • Lambourn, Elizabeth, editor. Legal Encounters on the Medieval Globe. Arc Humanities Press, 2017. Link

  • Linkinen, Tom. “Silencing the Unmentionable Vice.” Same-Sex Sexuality in Later Medieval English Culture, Amsterdam University Press, Amsterdam, 2015, pp. 85–110. Link.

  • Palmer, James. “Calculating Time and the End of Time in the Carolingian World, C.740—820.” The English Historical Review, vol. 126, no. 523, 2011, pp. 1307–1331. Link.

  • Procopius. Translated by H.B. Dewing, vol. 5, Loeb Classical Library, Harvard University Press, 1962

  • Peters, Cherie N. “‘He Is Not Entitled to Butter’: The Diet of Peasants and Commoners in Early Medieval Ireland.” Food and Drink in Ireland, edited by Elizabeth FitzPatrick and James Kelly, Royal Irish Academy, 2016, pp. 79–110. Link.

  • Petry, Yvonne. ‘Many Things Surpass our Knowledge’: An Early Modern Surgeon on Magic, Witchcraft and Demonic Possession, Social History of Medicine, Vol. 25, Issue 1, February 2012, pp. 47–64. Link.

  • Saxo Grammaticus, The Nine Books of the Danish History of Saxo Grammaticus. Translated by Oliver Elton, vol. 2. Norrœna Society, 1905.

  • Sands, Donald B. Middle English Verse Romances. Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1966.

  • Saslow, James M. "Homosexuality in the Renaissance: Behavior, Identity, and Artistic Expression." Hidden from History: Reclaiming the Gay and Lesbian Past. New American Library, 1989. pp. 90-105.

  • Stanley, Eric. “The Alliterative ‘Three Dead Kings’ in John Audelay’s MS Douce 302.” My Wyl and My Wrytyng : Essays on John the Blind Audelay, edited by Susanna Greer Fein, Medieval Institute Publications, 2009, pp. 249-93.

  • Stein, Ruth M. “The Changing Styles in Dragons—from Fáfnir to Smaug.” Elementary English, vol. 45, no. 2, 1968, pp. 179–89. Link. -

  • Stoop, Patricia. “Sermon-Writing Women: Fifteenth-Century Vernacular Sermons from the Augustinian Convent of Jericho in Brussels.” Journal of Medieval Religious Cultures, vol. 38, no. 2, Penn State University Press, 2012, pp. 211–32. Link.

  • Tougher, Shaun, et al. Eunuchs in Antiquity and Beyond. Edited by Shaun Tougher, Classical Press of Wales, 2002. Link

  • Wilson, Edward. “The Debate of the Carpenter’s Tools.” The Review of English Studies, vol. 38, no. 152, Oxford University Press, 1987, pp. 445–70. Link.

  • William of Malmesbury. The History of the Kings of England and the Modern History of William of Malmesbury. Translated by John Sharpe. Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1815.

  • William of Newburgh. “The History of William of Newburgh.” The Church Historians of England, edited and translated by Joseph Stevenson, vol. 4. Seeleys, 1856.

  • Wiley, Dan M. "Niall Frossach's True Judgement." Ériu, 2005, Vol. 55, 2005, pp. 19-36.

  • Willis, Faith. "What a Medieval Diagram Shows: A Case Study of 'Computus'." Studies in Iconography, vol. 36, 2015, pp. 1–40. Link.

  • Warntjes, Immo. “The Munich Computus and the 84 (14)-Year Easter Reckoning.” Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy. Section C: Archaeology, Celtic Studies, History, Linguistics, Literature, vol. 107C, 2007, pp. 31–85. Link.



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The following is our list of original source material, divided bay topic. All of our sources are free to access, just click on the links! Arthurian Texts Perlesvaus here Sir Gawain and the Green Knigh

Here's everything the Maniculum's served At the Kitchen Table throughout the episodes (and some of what's left in the pantry, too!) Rooster's Egg: found in Episode 1, the mythical rooster's egg was se

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